Lozan Agreement Terms and Conditions

The Lausanne Agreement, also known as the Treaty of Lausanne, was signed on July 24, 1923, and marked the official end of World War I between Turkey and the Allied powers. The treaty defined the new borders of Turkey and set the terms for the country’s relationship with other nations. The Lausanne Agreement is still relevant today, as many of its terms and conditions continue to guide Turkey’s international relations.

One of the key provisions of the Lausanne Agreement was the exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey. Under the agreement, around 1.5 million Greeks living in Turkey were transferred to Greece, while around 500,000 Muslims living in Greece were transferred to Turkey. The objective of this exchange was to create ethnically homogeneous nation-states. Although it was intended to be a peaceful exchange, it led to significant human suffering and displacement.

Another important provision of the Lausanne Agreement was the recognition of Turkey as an independent and sovereign state. The treaty abolished the Ottoman Empire and recognized Turkey as a secular republic. The agreement also recognized the international borders of Turkey, including its borders with Greece, Bulgaria, and Iraq.

The treaty granted Turkey certain rights over the Turkish Straits, which connect the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. Under the treaty, Turkey was given control over the straits and was allowed to regulate the passage of ships through the area.

Finally, the Lausanne Agreement set the terms for Turkey’s relationship with other countries. The treaty established agreements on issues such as diplomacy, commerce, and financial and legal matters. It also ensured the protection of religious and cultural minorities in Turkey, including the rights of Armenians, Greeks, and Jews.

Today, the Lausanne Agreement continues to be a significant document in the history of Turkey and its relationship with other countries. Its provisions continue to shape the political, social, and economic landscape of the region. As such, it remains an essential document for scholars, policymakers, and those interested in international relations.

Lozan Agreement Terms and Conditions